The port of Ferrol is one of the safest in the world due to the particular shape of its estuary and orography. Towards the end of the 16th Century, King Philip II decided that Ferrol’s estuary should be used as the base for the Royal Army. In the 18th Century, Ferrol was designated capital of the Maritime Department of the North. Phillip I ordered the creation of the Royal Arsenal and the subsequent shipyard in the nearby village of A Graña. Later, Ferdinand VI ordered the construction of a mayor shipyard in the village of Ferrol, dedicated almost exclusively to the construction of Army ships. Thus, the Ideal port of the Enlightenment was born, a certain name that Ferrol uses in its aspiration to be acknowledged as World Heritage status.